Heart Disease- Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Diets!

Heart Disease- Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Diets!

Facts About Heart Disease!Heart/ cardiovascular disease claims the lives of more than 610,000 Americans yearly! -That is one in each four deaths

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Facts About Heart Disease!

  • Heart/ cardiovascular disease claims the lives of more than 610,000 Americans yearly! -That is one in each four deaths.
  • There is no single thing that causes coronary heart disease (CHD), but there are several risk factors that contribute to it.
  • Hazards of developing CHD can be reduced by stopping smoking, being physically active, handling conditions like high cholesterol, higher blood pressure, Diabetes, and melancholy, managing your weight and preventing social isolation.
  • Adherence to your doctor’s Prescription based on your symptoms is the best way to achieve results.

OVERVIEW

The heart does not onlypump blood into the rest of the human body but it also pushes blood to itself through the coronary artery. The center is like any other muscle in your body. It needs a sufficient circulation to provide oxygen so that the muscle will contract and pump blood to the remainder of the human body.

Heart Disease commonly known as cardiovascular disease normally describes conditions that involve narrowed or blocked arteries which could result in Stroke, Chest Pain or Heart Attack.

Other ailments of the heart, like Valvular heart disease, Cardiomyopathy, Heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias) and Heart ailments at which the heart has structural issues that develop before birth, can also be considered types of heart ailments and should correctly be cared for.

CHD occur when the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become clogged with fatty material (plaque) or artheroma. The arteries become narrow as the plaque builds up on the inner walls. This process is called atherosclerosis.

This problem can start when at a younger age and may begin to manifest at middle age. When the arteries become too narrow, It means less blood will reach the heart muscle and this will lead to a heart attack and if a blood clot forms in the narrowed artery and completely blocks the blood supply to part of your heart, it can cause a heart attack.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES OF HEART DISEASE

Heart disease symptoms depend on which sort of heart disease you’ve got. Cardiovascular disease symptoms might differ for both men and women. Men are likely to have chest pain while girls are more likely to have other symptoms along with chest discomfort, such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme fatigue.

Classic signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease may include:

  • Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina) Shortness of breath
  • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed
  • Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back
  • Sweating
  • Nausea

Not all individuals with coronary artery disease have chest discomfort as a symptom. Some can have symptoms and signs of indigestion, or exercise intolerance where they can’t perform tasks that they generally formerly could.

Coronary heart disease is originally diagnosed with patient history and physical evaluation.

EKG blood tests and evaluations to image the blood vessels and heart muscle support the diagnosis.

Treatment for coronary heart disease is dependent on its severity. Many occasions lifestyle changes like exercising regularly, eating a heart healthy diet, stopping smoking and controlling high blood pressure, higher cholesterol and diabetes could restrict the artery narrowing.

You may not be diagnosed with cardiovascular disease till you’ve got a heart attack, angina, stroke or heart collapse. It is very important to see for cardiovascular disease and also talk about issues with your physician. Cardiovascular disease can occasionally be discovered early with routine tests.

CAUSES

  1. ABNORMAL HEARTBEAT (HEART ARRHYTHMIAS).

Heart Arrhythmias is a strange pulse which might entail the hearth beating too quickly, too slowly or irregularly. The symptoms might include:

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
  • Fluttering in your chest
  • Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  1. WEAK HEART MUSCLE (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY).

Cardiomyopathy symptoms Might Not Be noticed during the First Phase but as the conditions worsen, the symptoms Might include:

  • Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet
  • Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Breathlessness with exertion or at rest
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting
  • Fatigue
  1. HEART DEFECTS.

Heart defects known this are such flaws you’re born with. These flaws usually become evident shortly after arrival. Heart flaw symptoms in kids could include:

  • Pale gray or blue skin color (cyanosis)
  • Swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes
  • In a baby, shortness of breath through feedings, resulting in inadequate weight gain.

Insignificant congenital heart defects are frequently not diagnosed until later in childhood or through maturity. Signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects that usually are not with instant life-threat contain:

  • Easily getting short of breath during exercise or activity
  • Easily tiring during exercise or activity
  • Swelling in the hands, ankles or feet.
  1. VALVULAR HEART DISEASE.

The heart has four valves which include: the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves, which open and shut to direct blood circulation through your heart. Valves could be damaged by an assortment of conditions resulting in narrowing (stenosis), leaking (regurgitation or insufficiency) or improper closure (prolapsed).

Based on which valve is Not working Correctly, valvular Cardiovascular Disease symptoms generally Comprise:

  • Chest pain
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swollen feet or ankles
  1. HEART INFECTIONS.

Endocarditis is an infection which affects the internal tissue that separates the chambers and valves of the heart (endocardium). Heart disease symptoms can include:

  • Changes in your heart rhythm
  • Swelling in your legs or abdomen
  • Dry or persistent cough
  • Skin rashes or unusual spots
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness or fatigue

Smoking, combined with poorly controlled hypertension (hypertension), and diabetes are different causes of cardiovascular disease.

PREVENTION OF HEART DISEASE

As a result, the possibility of heart disease increases as you get older. Now you have a greater chance of heart disease if you’re a person over age 45 or a female over age 55. In addition you are at higher risk when you’ve got a close relative who had heart disease at a young age.

Preventing heart disease (and all cardiovascular disorders) means making intelligent decisions now that will repay the remainder of your life.

Deficiency of exercise, a poor diet and other unhealthy habits may take their toll through time. Anyone at any age can benefit from easy actions to keep their heart healthy during every decade of life. Here’s how:

  • Exercise regularly
  • Don’t smoke
  • Get tested for diabetes and if you have it, keep it under control
  • Know your cholesterol and triglyceride levels and keep them under control
  • Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables
  • Maintain a healthy weight.

TREATMENT

HEART BYPASS SURGERY: This may treat heart disease once your coronary arteries are obstructed. Your physician may take care of the issue by providing blood flow a new pathway to the center.

CARDIOVERSIONFor most people with cardiovascular disease, drugs alone will not turn into an arrhythmia into a normal heart rhythm. These folks may require a procedure called cardioversion or electric cardioversion.

VALVE DISEASE TREATMENT : Whenever your heart valve disorder requires care, it may be treated by conventional operation or by balloon valvuloplasty, which does not need as much cutting.

HEART TRANSPLANT: An individual’s diseased heart is replaced with a healthy donor’s heart. The donor is someone that has died and whose family has agreed to donate their loved one’s organs.

ACE INHIBITORS : Angiotensin Converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are heart problems that expand, or dilate, your blood vessels to elevate the quantity of blood your heart pumps and also decrease your blood pressure.

 TIPS ON HEART-HEALTHY DIET TO CONTROL HEART DISEASE

1. Control Your Portion Size

How much you eat is quite important as what you eat also has an effect on your wellbeing. Eating much part of foods with high content of calories must be prevented in order to help control risk of cardiovascular disease. The usage of little plates can help cut the quantity of food taken instead. Fruits with low calorie content ought to be consumed longer.

2. Eat More Vegetables and Fruits

Fruits and vegetables are good sources of minerals and vitamins. Fruits and vegetables can also be low in carbs and rich in dietary fiber also. Fruits and vegetables contain compounds found in plants that might assist in preventing cardiovascular disease. Eating more vegetables and fruits might help you consume less high-fat foods, such as beef, cheese and snack meals.

Vegetables and Fruits to choose from include:

  • Fresh or frozen vegetables and fruits
  • Low-sodium canned vegetables
  • Canned fruit packed in juice or water

3. Limit Unhealthy Fats

One of the main dietary changes that can be made for your heart health would be to restrict foods containing saturated fat and trans-fat. These fats are usually solid at room temperature, such as meat fat, margarine or butter.

Among all the fats, saturated fat raises “poor” low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol that the most and this raises risk of cardiovascular disease by boosting atherosclerosis (clogging of your arteries). Trans- fat not just raises “bad” LDL cholesterol, but in addition, it reduces “great” high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.) Cholesterol in foods does not affect your blood glucose as much as saturated fat does, but it must likewise be restricted based on the American Heart Association.

THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION RECOMMENDS:

Saturated FatLess than 7 percent of total calories per day
(Ex:  less than 14 grams per day on a 2,000-calorie diet)
 

Trans-Fat

Less than 1 percent of total calories per day
(Ex: less than 2 grams per day on a 2,000-calorie diet)
Cholesterol 

Less than 200 in individuals with high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol or those taking cholesterol-lowering medication.

Tips for Limiting Unhealthy Fats & Cholesterol

Foods that contain saturated fat generally have trans-fat and/or cholesterol. Try out these simple ways to restrict unhealthy cholesterol and fat:

  • Limit solid fats like meat fat, vegetable shortening, butter and stick margarine. Tub margarine or spray sheds are far somewhat less powerful and therefore are better options because they typically have less saturated fat and trans-fat.
  • Limit high quality cuts of beef, for example Prime rib, brisket and ground beef.
  • Restrict processed meats (for example, sausage, pepperoni and lunch meat) to no longer than two servings each week. Or select white-meat turkey and chicken.
  • Change from high fat dairy products to low or moderate fat (1 percent).
  • Limit egg yolk; change to egg whites or egg substitutes.
  • Restrict fast food, especially fried foods and convenience foods.
  • Restrict commercially prepared baked goods like cakes, pies, biscuits, etc.

4. Select Whole Grains

Whole grains are good sources of fiber and other nutrients that play a part in regulating blood pressure and cardiovascular health. It is possible to increase the quantity of whole grains at a heart-healthy daily diet by making simple substitutions for processed grain products. Or be daring and try a fresh whole grain, like whole faro, quinoa or barley.

Grain products to choose include:

  • Whole-wheat flour
  • Whole-grain bread, Rather 100% whole-wheat bread or 100% Whole-wheat bread
  • High-fiber cereal with 5 g or more of fiber in a serving
  • Whole grains such as brown rice, barley and buckwheat (kasha)
  • Whole-grain pasta
  • Oatmeal (steel-cut or regular)

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Always remember to check back our blog Vital Life Tips 

REFERENCES

http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/heart-disease-treatment-care

https://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heart_disease.htm

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/in-depth/heart-healthy-diet/art-20047702

 

 

COMMENTS

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    This is an important tips to everyone, those with or without hert problems, pls what medicine can be used to cure a situation where the heart beat is slow(palpitations is slow) which leads to water released to the whole body (swelling)

    • comment-avatar

      Thanks for your comment and sorry the reply to your question is coming late. The slow heartbeat problem is called “bradycardia” and could be treated with “pacemaker”

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