IMPORTANT MEDICAL TESTS EVERY ONE MUST HAVEEvery car owner takes every necessary step to ensure their car is in good shape. They do so by regu
IMPORTANT MEDICAL TESTS EVERY ONE MUST HAVE
Every car owner takes every necessary step to ensure their car is in good shape. They do so by regularly checking the tire pressure, oil level and so on. These steps also, we should take on our health as it works like a car and could get knocked out if not properly taken care of. There are important medical tests every one must have each yeah so as to ensure we are in good health.
It is indeed necessary to make it a routine to regularly check on your health by undergoing some important medical tests to ensure you’re in good health.
Regular check-ups is very important both for the young and old. Women, men, young adults in their 20s and 30s should ensure regular check-ups with their doctor.
We have compiled a list of tests every one must have at least once every year. And they include:
Overweight or obesity is not good for you! Getting on a scale once in a while to know your weight is usually important. Some diseases such as Heart Disease and Diabetes are linked to excess weight.
By regularly checking your weight on the scale, you can be able to calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI) which is a measure of body fat with respect to weight and height. BMI of between 18.5 and 25 is normal according to Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
It is necessary to start checking your weight at age 20.
2. CHOLESTEROL SCREENING
Cholesterol/Lipoprotein is a fatty protein found in the blood and is connected to heart disease. More cholesterol build-ups in the arteries could increase the risk of heart disease. Basically, there are two major types of Lipoproteins; the HDL (High Density Lipoproteins) and the LDL (Low Density Lipoproteins). The HDL is regarded as good as they protect against heart disease while the LDL is bad because of the risks of heart disease associated with it.
It’s best to start this test at 20 and it should be done every five years. If the undergone tests reveal a high level of cholesterol, then it is necessary to see your doctor for other recommendations to ensure a healthy life.
3. DIABETES SCREENING
Over weight may increase your risks. Basically, at age 45, you should have your doctor test you for diabetes. Your doctor through some tests could determine how readily your system digests sugar (natural or manufactured).
Blood pressure greater than 135/80 millimeter Hg might be an indication of diabetes. Testing for diabetes might have a hemoglobin A1C blood test, a fasting blood glucose (FPG) test, or an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A single evaluation is inadequate to diagnose diabetes. Another test must affirm that your blood sugar level is abnormally large.
The test should be performed at least every three years.
4. BLOOD PRESSURE CHECK
Beginning at age 18, every person needs to get their blood pressure checked at least every two years. If your blood pressure is on the increase, you might require medication to manage it. This is to ward off heart disease, kidney disorder, and stroke.
Assessing your blood pressure frequently is among the most essential things you can do to guard your current and future wellness. One in every five adults, nearly 50 million individuals, has raised blood pressure, also called hypertension.
If your blood pressure readings are greater compared to the cutoff of 120/80, it places pressure on your heart, which makes you at risk for heart attack and stroke.
The identification of high blood pressure requires two readings taken four hours aside from over 120/80 millimeter Hg. 1 blood pressure measuring larger than 120/80 millimeter Hg always needs to be verified with a follow-up measurement.
If your insurance does not cover a blood pressure screening, check for free screenings in your area.
5. COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING
Colorectal cancer is a cancer of the lower parts of the intestines. It is regarded as the second leading cause of cancer-resulted deaths in the United States. When discovered early, it is curable in 90 percent of all cases. Screening tests which look in the colon, known as colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy, are the key to discovering it early.
If you’re with no risk factors, it is best to start this test at age 50. However, In case you’ve got a first-degree relative who has had colon cancer before age 50, start colonoscopy screening if you are 10 years younger than the age where your family member has been diagnosed.
Flexible sigmoidoscopies ought to be repeated every five years, and a colonoscopy ought to be repeated every 10 years. An automatic imaging technique known as virtual colonoscopy is gaining popularity in some medical facilities. Although a lot of physicians still believe it experimental and a few insurance companies, including Medicare, do not cover it.
Colonoscopy is nothing to worry about as it takes just about 15-20mins and comes with no pain. Women might underestimate the risk for colon cancer, but according to the CDC, it is the third most frequent and most lethal cancer for women, behind lung and breast cancer.
6. SKIN TESTS
Starting at age 18,people should test their skin every month, also by the time they’re 20, a doctor or dermatologist must conduct the exam via a standard checkup.. Everyone should carefully inspect the skin all over their bodies, searching for any new moles or changes to existing moles to identify the early signs of skin cancer. The American Academy of Dermatology provides free skin cancer screenings from dermatologists.
7. HEART-HEALTH TEST
Research has shown that Heart Disease is the major cause of death in the United States. It is necessary to check your heart health test to ensure you are at no risk of heart disease.
Anyone with a family history of premature heart disease or hypertension should ensure to check their heart heath. Additionally, a smoker, or anyone who is overweight should regularly check their heart health. In case you’ve been experiencing chest discomfort, shortness of breath, and effortless fatigue, your physician may consult with a cardiologist, who will order a pressure test and an electrocardiogram to help assess your heart and potential heart-disease hazard.
If your doctor Decides that you have an irregular Pulse or Should You are experiencing palpitations, this could signify a cardiac rhythm Disease which needs medication. If your blood pressure is greater than 130/90, you might be developing hypertension.
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